sack

Ⅰ. sack1 (săk)
n.
1. a) A bag, especially one made of strong material for holding grain or objects in bulk. b) The amount that a sack can hold: »

sold two sacks of rice.

2. also sacque A short loose-fitting garment for women and children.
3. Slang Dismissal from employment: »

finally got the sack after a year of ineptitude.

4. Informal A bed, mattress, or sleeping bag: »

hit the sack at 10:00.

5. Baseball A base.
6. Football A successful attempt at sacking the quarterback.
tr.v. sacked, sack·ing, sacks 1) To place into a sack: »

sacked the groceries.

2) Slang To discharge from employment: »

sacked the workers who were caught embezzling.

See Synonyms at DISMISS(Cf. ↑dismiss). 3) Football To tackle (a quarterback attempting to pass the ball) behind the line of scrimmage.
Phrasal Verb:
sack out Slang To sleep.
[Middle English, from Old English sacc, from Latin saccus, from Greek sakkos, of Semitic origin; see śqq.]
Word History: The ordinary word sack carries within it a few thousand years of commercial history. The Greeks got their word sakkos, "a bag made out of coarse cloth or hair," from the Phoenicians with whom they traded. The Phoenician word does not happen to be attested in any Phoenician writings that survive from antiquity, but words related to it can be found in the other Semitic languages, such as Hebrew śaq and Akkadian saqqu. The Greeks then passed the sack, as it were, to the Romans as Latin saccus, "a large bag or sack." The Latin word was then transmitted to the Germanic tribes with whom the Romans traded, and they gave it the form *sakkiz. (Similarly, many other languages of Europe, including Irish, Welsh, Albanian, Hungarian, Czech, Polish, and Russian, also have words derived from Greek sakkos or Latin saccus.) The speakers of Old English used two forms of the word, sæcc, meaning "sackcloth" and descending from Germanic *sakkiz, as well as sacc, meaning "a sack, a bag" and borrowed directly from Latin. The second Old English form is the ancestor of our sack.
Ⅱ. sack2 (săk)
tr.v. sacked, sack·ing, sacks To rob (a town, for example) of goods or valuables, especially after capture.
n. The looting or pillaging of a captured city or town.
[Probably from French (mettre à) sac, (to put in) a sack, from Old French sac, sack, from Latin saccus, sack, bag; see SACK(Cf. ↑sack)1.]
Ⅲ. sack3 (săk)
n. Any of various light, dry, strong wines from Spain and the Canary Islands, imported to England in the 1500s and 1600s.
[From French (vin) sec, dry (wine), from Old French, from Latin siccus, dry.]

Word Histories. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sack — Sack …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Sack — Sack, n. [OE. sak, sek, AS. sacc, s[ae]cc, L. saccus, Gr. sa kkos from Heb. sak; cf. F. sac, from the Latin. Cf. {Sac}, {Satchel}, {Sack} to plunder.] 1. A bag for holding and carrying goods of any kind; a receptacle made of some kind of pliable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sack — Sack: Das altgerm. Substantiv mhd., ahd. sac, got. sakkus (»Trauer , Bußgewand aus grobem Stoff«), niederl. zak, aengl. sacc > engl. sack (daneben aengl. sæcc, das die nord. Sippe von entsprechend schwed. säck lieferte) beruht auf einer sehr… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • sack — Ⅰ. sack [1] ► NOUN 1) a large bag made of a material such as hessian or thick paper, used for storing and carrying goods. 2) (the sack) informal dismissal from employment. 3) (the sack) informal bed. ► VERB informal …   English terms dictionary

  • Sack AS-6 — V1 Beschreibung Status Versuchsflugzeug Besatzung 1 Abmessungen Länge 6.4 m Spannweite 5.0 m Höhe 2.56 m Tragfläche 19.62 m² Gewich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SACK — ist eine Abkürzung für Selective Acknowledgment. TCP SACK ist eine Erweiterung des TCP Protokolls, die für bessere Performance bei Paketverlusten sorgt. SACK ermöglicht, dass bei Paketverlusten nicht der gesamte Inhalt des TCP Windows, sondern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sack — sack1 [sak] n. [ME sak < OE sacc, akin to OHG sac, Goth sakkus < early Gmc borrowing < L saccus, bag, in LL(Ec), sackcloth garment < Gr sakkos < Sem: cf. Heb sak, Akkadian shaqqu, sackcloth] 1. a) a bag, esp. a large one of coarse… …   English World dictionary

  • Sack — (s[a^]k), n. [OE. seck, F. sec dry (cf. Sp. seco, It. secco), from L. siccus dry, harsh; perhaps akin to Gr. ischno s, Skr. sikata sand, Ir. sesc dry, W. hysp. Cf. {Desiccate}.] A name formerly given to various dry Spanish wines. Sherris sack.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sack — Sack, v. t. 1. To put in a sack; to bag; as, to sack corn. [1913 Webster] Bolsters sacked in cloth, blue and crimson. L. Wallace. [1913 Webster] 2. To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sack — Sack, n. [F. sac plunder, pillage, originally, a pack, packet, booty packed up, fr. L. saccus. See {Sack} a bag.] The pillage or plunder, as of a town or city; the storm and plunder of a town; devastation; ravage. [1913 Webster] The town was… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sack — Sm std. (8. Jh.), mhd. sac m./n., ahd. sac, as. sakk Entlehnung. Wie gt. sakkus, ae. sacc früh entlehnt aus l. saccus, das über gr. sákkos auf assyr. šak̇k̇u Sack, Büßergewand zurückgeht. Auf eine Nebenform mit j führen anord. sekkr, ae. sæcc.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.